Cannabis growing techniques have come a long way over the past several decades. Elaborate indoor setups and weed genetics experiments are guiding manufacturers toward perfect yields.
Commercial approaches are entering private grow rooms, too. You can now buy weed seeds, grow plants in a spare room, and get dispensary-tier buds for your effort.
Why stick to simple soil cultivation? It’s time to take advantage of innovation.
Read on to learn about the five leading marijuana gardening technologies. Discover ways to implement these expert strategies at home.
1. Crop Steering
At its core, crop steering is what most cultivators do each time they plant indoors. But some are taking this weed grow method to the next level.
This concept hinges on the hormonal systems of pot plants. They excrete growth-regulating hormones in response to external circumstances. You’re levying their biology to your advantage, adapting the environment to get larger, stickier yields in less time.
For instance, when there are 18 hours of light a day and plenty of nitrogen, crops grow leaves and branches. Higher phosphorus counts and 12 daytime hours make it produce buds.
Growers use two environmental factors to steer their gardens:
- Irrigation—generous and frequent watering and feeding for vegging, lower for flowering.
- Environment—higher temp and lower humidity and ventilation for vegging, and vice versa for flowering.
You’re optimizing conditions for either growing stage, then moving between them to shorten the life cycle and boost yields.
2. Vertical Farming
Vertical farming is the best method for growing cannabis in restricted spaces. It’s an advanced system that employs racking equipment to cultivate marijuana in layers, doubling or tripling the output of a single grow room.
A vertical farm is a 360-degree marijuana garden around a light source. You’d lay hexagonal shelves on top of each other, placing a cool lamp in the center.
This approach to pot farming relies on the well-known idea of horizontal cultivation. You simply layer your plants for better space usage.
Most often, vertical farms apply soil-based or hydroponic setups. Aeroponics requires taller shelves.
3. Genetic Engineering
Genetic modifications of cannabis seeds make weed more accessible, facilitate cultivation, and improve results from the get-go.
Feminized and auto-flowering seeds are the most notable game-changers in this category:
- The removal of the Y chromosome lets you grow only bud-bearing female crops, increasing output and reducing cultivation expenses.
- Blending with the ruderalis gene produces autoflower crops, flowering sooner and without light schedule changes. They’re perfect for small, fast output.
We’re also seeing an emergence of ‘fast version’ seeds, which remain photoperiod but grow quicker.
Besides modifying growth patterns, breeders are creating hybrids with specific purposes. They cross popular strains with phenotypes exhibiting a desirable trait, striving for:
- Shorter plants
- Larger yields
- Moisture and pest resistance
- Different color expression
- Specific terpene composition
- High-THC or high-CBD profiles
These amplified cannabis seeds let you skip advanced growing methods for weed and still achieve top-tier harvests.
4. LED Lighting Spectrums
Cultivators are increasingly switching from traditional HPS lamps to LEDs for indoor growing.
Some are going a step further, using opposing light spectrums to promote branch development and bud production.
The idea of this marijuana growing technique is as follows:
- In the vegetative stage, blue light at 400–500 nm makes the foliage healthy and strong.
- In the flowering stage, red light at 620–780 nm pushes the crop to produce flowers.
Some argue that full-spectrum LED is more beneficial for cannabis, but the introduction of narrow spectrums seems to boost yields. It’s ideal to combine them with adjustable-spectrum lamps.
5. Terpene Amplification
Cannabis growing techniques go past the seed-to-harvest period. Drying and curing affect the quality of your finished product.
Curing is nothing new—it’s long been the go-to method of preserving terpenes for smoother, better-tasting smoke. However, the process is now faster, easier, and more effective.
Traditionally, curing consisted of aging the harvested plant material in air-proof glass jars for six weeks. Today, we have access to machinery to lock the good chemicals in under a week.
Like most marijuana tech matters, terpene amplification depends on the environment. These machines create the ideal conditions to draw out water while maintaining resin integrity. The resulting buds have a stronger, sweeter taste.
Some companies even offer tech to infuse buds with non-weed terpenes and completely alter their flavor. The best part? They’re available for purchase!
Weed Grow Methods for Better Buds
Weed growing techniques are getting exciting! The sheer scope of gadgets and systems allows optimization from start to finish, making modern weed superior in quality to anything you could smoke ten years ago.
It’s not only large-scale manufacturers employing these advancements, either. Whether you’re keeping a single plant or harboring commercial ambitions, you can adopt all five technologies in your garden.
Now you have the theory, so why not put it to practice? Buy seeds and grow weed like the pros.
Douglas Kester, a cannabis growing expert at I49 Seed Bank. He has been working in the weed industry for more than 10 years. During that period, he built up a vast experience and depth of expertise in this field.
Douglas has a detailed understanding of every aspect of marijuana, from its cultivation and species to the effects it brings. He’s also up to date on all the cannabis-related legislation nuances.