Top Six World Heritage Sites in East Africa that Showcase Man’s Evolution and Civilization
The World Heritage List consists of sites forming part of the cultural and natural heritage considered to be of outstanding universal value to mankind. To qualify, the sites must meet at least one of the ten set criteria by UNESCO. As illustrated in this excerpt by Jovago.com, sites may come in form of mountains e.g. SimienMountains in Ethiopia, unique valleys, medieval art and infrastructure. Here is a list of East Africa’s World Heritage Sites that stand as great evidence of man’s evolution and civilization in both trade and architecture.
Sibiloi National Park – Kenya
Discoveries include both human and pre-human fossils and hominids dating up to 2 million years ago. The area has distinctive flora and fauna; a seemingly extraterrestrial landscape devoid of life.
The lake’s waters are said to be the most saline in East Africa thus supporting very unique habitat. Tourists can take short camping visits for excursions or consider hotels for their stay. There is a museum and a research center not too far away.
The Lower Valley of the Awash -Ethiopia
The location is most popular for the discovery of the most famous Australopithecus afarensis – “Lucy”, who set record as the most complete humanoid, setting a whole new perspective for both historians and paleontologists.
Although the remains of Lucy, believed to have walked the earth more than 3.2 million years ago have been fossilized and amould replica of the same displayed for view in the national Museum of Addis Ababa, the site continues to attract more research and excavation.
The area also lies in the Afar triangle, popular for the Danakil Depression–which was chronicled as having the hottest temperatures on earth.
Rock-Hewn Churches of Lallibela – Ethiopia
The most fascinating bit of these eleven medieval features is that, in contrast to modern day architecture, they were drilled on giant rock caves from the rooftop going down to the foundation.
The churches still hold their religious sanctity to date, and form a globally recognized pilgrimage convergence center for the Orthodox Christian.
Fort Jesus in Mombasa- Kenya
The Fort takes a blur shape of a man lying down while facing the ocean. Inside the fort are segmented cannons consisting of antiques by three of its rulers; Portuguese, British and the Arab.
SongoMnara in Tanzania
Its location created a favorable market ground for traders originating from the Persian Gulf, The Red Sea and Western India. Due to its short period of occupation, SongoMnara is still very well preserved and has provided a rich ground for studies on the Swahili town occupancy and lifestyle.
Kasubi Tombs, Uganda
Located in the Ugandan capital of Kampala, Kasubi is the official burial site of the Kabaka Rulers-now the rest place for the last four Kabakas of Buganda Kingdom.
The site is therefore held in esteem as a hallowed ground for religious activities and spiritual rituals. Kasubi was enlisted on UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2001.
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