Today, Seed Academy unveiled the State of Entrepreneurship in South Africa after surveying more than 1000 entrepreneurs across the country. 2019 marks Seed Academy’s fifth year of engagement with local entrepreneurs, with the latest findings showing that entrepreneurs are optimistic and resourceful even as the sector is enduring one of the most difficult economic periods. The 2019 report explored the theme of South Africa: A society in transition and what this means for those engaged in entrepreneurial ventures.
Donna Rachelson, director of Seed Academy comments, “The positivity of entrepreneurs is encouraging, and we have seen that when they are supported, they acquire skills that give them a much better chance of succeeding. The granularity of our survey results combined with our in-depth understanding of the ecosystem allows for this study to be one of the most highly quoted reports with respect to findings on entrepreneurship in South Africa.”
Rachelson underscores that the entrepreneurial ecosystem is tough to navigate, with several entrepreneurs reporting that they don’t know how to access available support.
A sluggish ecosystem
Overall, the 2019 Seed Academy survey illustrated that the entrepreneurial ecosystem is sluggish: revenues are not increasing significantly enough and challenges have remained the same over the past five years (with the added burden of blackouts, xenophobia and climate change). New businesses need to grow rapidly to significantly impact the economy.
Yet entrepreneurship has been recognized, at the highest levels, as necessary to boost economic growth, create jobs in a country with record-high unemployment, and make SA globally competitive.
Speaking at the South Africa Investment Conference 2019, President Cyril Ramaphosa stated that small enterprises presented the greatest potential to the growth of the economy but were often overlooked when it came to both government planning and investment.
“We need to offer confidence to investors to want to put their capital in our SMMEs by growing this sector and improving its viability,” said Ramaphosa, adding that it is the government’s priority to give greater support to the SMME sector.
What needs to happen?
Drawing on the findings of the Seed Academy survey, which is the longest survey tracking the ‘health’ of entrepreneurship in SA, it appears that the ecosystem is making incremental improvements year on year.
According to Rachelson, the key factors to success for entrepreneurs are the same as last year and include strong personal networks; proper business planning; access to business support services and the ability to present for new market opportunities.
Key challenges have featured in the research findings each year for five years. They include finding customers; inability to raise funds; wearing too many hats followed by lack of guidance; slow sales; customers paying late and the unpredictability of business conditions.
“Our experience at Seed Academy highlights that business focus is key to success,” she says. “An interesting finding of the research is that 47% of businesses are engaged in business to business products and services, business to consumer and business to government at the same time – thus making market focus very difficult.”
A young democracy in transition
This year, it is apparent that businesses are being severely impacted by the transitions that are underway in our young democracy. SME growth is inhibited by various micro and macro-economic factors, ranging from power shortages to climate change. As with 2018, public sector corruption has been flagged as a key risk factor and appears to add costs to SMEs that tender for business.
Improving entrepreneurship in SA
Rachelson recommends that a multi-stakeholder consultative process should be undertaken to improve the entrepreneurial ecosystem – both in terms of the policies guiding entrepreneurs and the current offerings.
“We need greater awareness among entrepreneurs about how to access funding interventions,” says Rachelson. “Both the development finance institutions (DFIs) and private sector funders need to develop appropriate marketing, and have accessible online/digital tools to assist entrepreneurs.”
She adds that entrepreneurs are often too risky for investment by DFIs and there needs to be more accessible funding options for early-stage entrepreneurs who need small amounts of working capital. Additionally, sector-based interventions need to be tailor-made to address barriers to entry and to achieve real transformation and inclusion of SMEs within the economy.
“If changes are implemented to support entrepreneurs, there will be more new entrants to entrepreneurship as a job choice, and the lines between full time and part-time entrepreneurs will become increasingly blurred. For this to happen, we need economic stability and a dynamic, enabling environment,” concludes Rachelson.
The full survey results are available at SeedEngine.co.za/RealStateOfEntrepreneurshipSurvey2019.